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The Impact of Social Capital on the Ability of People to Escape Poverty Hmong Ethnic Households in Thanh Hoa Province

Received: 19 June 2023    Accepted: 5 July 2023    Published: 22 August 2023
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Abstract

Purpose: Analyze the impact of social capital factors on the ability to escape poverty of Mong ethnic households in Thanh Hoa province today. Subjects and methods: The study is conducting semi-structured interviews with 400 representatives of Mong households in Thanh Hoa province. Results: The results of multivariate regression analysis show that the factors belonging to Social Capital affect the ability to escape poverty of Mong ethnic households including: (i) Relationship with family system row; (ii) Mass organizations (Farmers Union, Women's Union, Youth Union); (iii) Households have actively sought out markets for their products; (iv) Power to search for markets for household products. In which, the household's ability to find markets to consume produced products is the most successful element of social capital that affects the ability of Hmong households to escape poverty. Conclusion: Most of the Mong people in Thanh Hoa have relatively limited social capital, such as the ability to borrow capital to use capital, the ability to seek outside jobs, and the ability to plan and orient strategies. The household economic development strategy is still very limited.

DOI 10.11648/j.stpp.20230702.13
Published in Science, Technology & Public Policy (Volume 7, Issue 2, December 2023)
Page(s) 69-74
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Social Capital, Poor Households, Capacity to Escape Poverty, Ethnic Minorities

References
[1] Alex Addae-Korankye Causes of Poverty in Africa: A Review of Literature American International Journal of Social Science Vol. 3, No. 7; December 2014.
[2] Asian Bank (ADB), (2009) porterty in the Philippines: causes, constraints and opportunities.
[3] Bingqin Li, David Piachaud, Poverty and Inequality and Social Policy in China, 2004.
[4] Bourdieu. 1980. Le sens pratique. Paris. De Minuit Publishing House.
[5] Chambers, R. and Conway, G. R (1992). Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: Practical Concepts for the 21st Century”, Discussion Paper 296, Institute of Development Studies.
[6] DFID (1999). DFID Sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets.
[7] Geoff Handley, Kate Higgins and Bhavna Sharma with Kate Bird and Diana CammackPoverty and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Overview of Key Issues, 2009.
[8] Shanta Paudel Khatiwada, Wei Deng, Bikash Paudel, Janak Raj Khatiwada, Jifei Zhangand Yi Su (2017), “Household Livelihood Strategies and Implication for Poverty Reduction in Rural Areas of Central Nepal, Sustainability”, vol 9, issue 612.
[9] World Bank (2013). World Bank report on Poverty. New York. Oxford University Press.
[10] National Economics University (2010), The concept of poverty in Vietnam, http://old.voer.edu.vn/module/ Kinh-te/..., updated on September 14, 2015.
[11] The central programs to implement the Resolution of the XVIII Provincial Party Congress, the Party Committee of Thanh Hoa Province, 2016.
[12] Project of Stabilizing production, life and socio- economic development of the Mong people, Thanh Hoa province up to 2020.
[13] Policy scheme to support proverty reduction for communes with high poverty rate in mountainous areas, not in the list of communes with special difficulties (Program 135) of Thanh Hoa province, period 2015-2020.
[14] Resolution No. 09-NQ/TU of the Provincial Party Committees Executive Committee on strengthening leadership for fast and sustainable poverti reduction in mountainous districts of Thanh Hoa by 2020.
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  • APA Style

    Nguyen Thi Duyen, Dao Thanh Thuy. (2023). The Impact of Social Capital on the Ability of People to Escape Poverty Hmong Ethnic Households in Thanh Hoa Province. Science, Technology & Public Policy, 7(2), 69-74. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.stpp.20230702.13

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    ACS Style

    Nguyen Thi Duyen; Dao Thanh Thuy. The Impact of Social Capital on the Ability of People to Escape Poverty Hmong Ethnic Households in Thanh Hoa Province. Sci. Technol. Public Policy 2023, 7(2), 69-74. doi: 10.11648/j.stpp.20230702.13

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    AMA Style

    Nguyen Thi Duyen, Dao Thanh Thuy. The Impact of Social Capital on the Ability of People to Escape Poverty Hmong Ethnic Households in Thanh Hoa Province. Sci Technol Public Policy. 2023;7(2):69-74. doi: 10.11648/j.stpp.20230702.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.stpp.20230702.13,
      author = {Nguyen Thi Duyen and Dao Thanh Thuy},
      title = {The Impact of Social Capital on the Ability of People to Escape Poverty Hmong Ethnic Households in Thanh Hoa Province},
      journal = {Science, Technology & Public Policy},
      volume = {7},
      number = {2},
      pages = {69-74},
      doi = {10.11648/j.stpp.20230702.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.stpp.20230702.13},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.stpp.20230702.13},
      abstract = {Purpose: Analyze the impact of social capital factors on the ability to escape poverty of Mong ethnic households in Thanh Hoa province today. Subjects and methods: The study is conducting semi-structured interviews with 400 representatives of Mong households in Thanh Hoa province. Results: The results of multivariate regression analysis show that the factors belonging to Social Capital affect the ability to escape poverty of Mong ethnic households including: (i) Relationship with family system row; (ii) Mass organizations (Farmers Union, Women's Union, Youth Union); (iii) Households have actively sought out markets for their products; (iv) Power to search for markets for household products. In which, the household's ability to find markets to consume produced products is the most successful element of social capital that affects the ability of Hmong households to escape poverty. Conclusion: Most of the Mong people in Thanh Hoa have relatively limited social capital, such as the ability to borrow capital to use capital, the ability to seek outside jobs, and the ability to plan and orient strategies. The household economic development strategy is still very limited.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    AB  - Purpose: Analyze the impact of social capital factors on the ability to escape poverty of Mong ethnic households in Thanh Hoa province today. Subjects and methods: The study is conducting semi-structured interviews with 400 representatives of Mong households in Thanh Hoa province. Results: The results of multivariate regression analysis show that the factors belonging to Social Capital affect the ability to escape poverty of Mong ethnic households including: (i) Relationship with family system row; (ii) Mass organizations (Farmers Union, Women's Union, Youth Union); (iii) Households have actively sought out markets for their products; (iv) Power to search for markets for household products. In which, the household's ability to find markets to consume produced products is the most successful element of social capital that affects the ability of Hmong households to escape poverty. Conclusion: Most of the Mong people in Thanh Hoa have relatively limited social capital, such as the ability to borrow capital to use capital, the ability to seek outside jobs, and the ability to plan and orient strategies. The household economic development strategy is still very limited.
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Author Information
  • Faculty of Social Sciences, Hong Duc University, Thanh Hoa, Vietnam

  • Faculty of Social Sciences, Hong Duc University, Thanh Hoa, Vietnam

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